Know Photoshop Blend Modes

blend modes

blend modesAdobe Photoshop is versatile software used to edit photos. It requires a firm hand on the software, a good command over each and every tool that it offers in order to edit photos and images professionally. The software has 26 Blend Modes on offer, which gives a plenty of effects to experiment with. Photoshop Blend Modes give you the power to join layers and images for a huge variety of effects. Read further to learn how these Photoshop effects work, how they can be used to achieve greater success in the field of designing and editing.

Here’s what each mode does.

  1. Dissolve

This is the first in the list of Photoshop blend modes. Dissolve is a simple pixilated blend that creates a pixilated blend. The effects of which only become obvious when you begin to lower layer opacity.

 

  1. Darken

    blend modes

As the name suggests, Darken leaves darker pixels unchanged. Lighter pixels on the top layer are replaced by the colors and tones from the layer below.

 

  1. Multiply

    blend modes

The main purpose of the multiply option is that it gives the base colors a boost. Further, it multiplies colors in the layer with those below. Colors on the top layer that are lighter are changed with those on the lower layer.

 

  1. Color Burn

    blend modes

Color Burn creates rich results by increasing the contrast between each layer. Light pixels on the top layer don’t affect the colors and tones on the layer below.

 

  1. Linear Burn

    blend modes

Linear Burn option leaves top light pixels alone as it lowers the brightness of layers below to reflect the colors of the top layer. Lighter pixels on the top layer produce no change.

  1. Darker Color

    blend modes

As the name makes it obvious, in the darker color option darker pixels are reflected. It selects either the top layer’s color or those on the layer below, whichever is darker, as the resulting colors.

 

  1. Lighten

    blend modes

Lighter colors on top layers stay in place when lighten is used. It is the opposite of Darken option. Any color on the top layer that is lighter than the color underneath will remain visible.

 

  1. Screen

    blend modes

While using the Screen option, inverse colors are multiplied. It works as the opposite of multiply. Works out the inverse of the layer’s colors and multiplies it with those on the layer below.

 

  1. Color Dodge

    blend modes

Color Dodge creates light, vibrant tones. It causes lighter tones on the layer to create more vibrant colors and increase contrast. Darker pixels make no difference when using color dodge.

 

  1. Linear Dodge

    blend modes

Linear Dodge has strong brightening. It is quite similar to Color Dodge and Screen Blend, but the brightening is stronger than the mentioned two. Dark colors make no changes to the colors below.

 

  1. Lighter Color

    blend modes

In the Lighter color blend, layer values are compared with Lighter Color. It compares the color channel values with the layer below and chooses the higher values to create the resulting color.

 

  1. Overlay

    blend modes

The overlay has a faint touch. It provides a subtle way of adding a wash of the lower layer’s color to the top layer while maintaining the lower layer’s detail.

 

  1. Soft Light

    blend modes

Top layers get adjusted with Soft Light. It darkens or lightens the colors of the top layer, depending on the colors of the layer beneath the upper layer. Like Overlay, but more subtle than an overlay.

 

  1. Hard Light

    blend modes

Hard Light brightens dark pixels, as its name suggests provides hard light to lighten up the dark areas. It multiplies or screens the colors, depending on the colors of the layer beneath. Pixels lighter than 50% gray are lightened.

 

  1. Vivid Light

    blend modes

Colors become more intense when we use Vivid Light. It lightens or darkens colors with more intensity than Soft or Hard Light. If the layer is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened.

 

  1. Linear Light

    blend modes

Linear Light creates greater contrasts in the images. Like Vivid Light, it adjusts brightness rather than contrast. If the layer is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened.

 

  1. Pin Light

    blend modes

Darker pixels come to the forefront when you pin light. If a pixel on the layer is lighter than 50% gray and the pixels below are darker, the top pixels are replaced by the ones below.

 

  1. Hard Mix

    blend modes

Hard mix drastically changes the primary colors. It adds the layer’s red, green and blue channel values to those of the lower layer, changing the layer’s pixels to primary colors.

 

  1. Difference

    blend modes

Light colors get inverted using difference. Lighter colors are inverted, and darker colors are replaced by the pixels underneath. Blending with black makes no change.

 

  1. Exclusion

    blend modes

Colors are inverted with low-level contrast while using exclusion. Like ‘Difference’, but with less contrast. Lighter colors are inverted, and darker colors are replaced by the pixels beneath.

 

  1. Subtract

    blend modes

Subtract can create cool results as it studies the colors in each channel, then subtracts the colors in the selected layer from the colors underneath. This one is often used and is a good tool in the Photoshop blend modes.

 

  1. Divide

    blend modes

Divide produces a negative style image. It inspects the colors in each channel and divides the top layer’s colors by the colors in the lower layer.

 

  1. Hue

    blend modes

Hue strips away saturation from the image and mixes the layer colors with the luminance and saturation of the layer below so that the colors remain, but saturation is reduced.

 

  1. Saturation

    blend modes

Values get combined for unique results with Saturation. This option combines the saturation values of the top layer’s color with the luminance and the values of the colors on the layer below.

 

  1. Color

    blend modes

Low level luminance is brought forth by the color option. This is similar to Hue but mixes the hue and saturation of the top layer’s color with the luminance of the colors from the lower layer.

 

  1. Luminosity

    blend modes

Detail and colors both have a place in Luminosity option. This mixes luminance with the hue and saturation of the layer below; you see detail from the top layer and color from below.

These were the blend modes of Photoshop that everyone should know and have a command over so to produce remarkable results. Hope now you have the knowhow of the Photoshop blend modes.

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