When we are talking about the basics of photoshop, we are concerned with the toolbar that it has. Adobe Photoshop is pre-equipped with a variety of tools. On the left of the main window is a toolbar that consists of the main tools one would require to use Photoshop efficiently and smoothly. Let us now know about the tools on the toolbar from right to left and top to bottom as given in the below-mentioned picture.
The Marquee tools are further open into 4 categories when you click the first left button on the toolbar, yes that’s the marquee tool. The four sub-categories are:
Rectangular Marquee Tool: it lets you select a rectangular area on your photo when used with the shift key it makes a square selection. You can hold the Shift key to add to the selection or use Alt key to subtract from the selection. Also, you can feather your selection as well.
Elliptical Marquee Tool: This tool helps you select an elliptical path and when used with the Shift key selects a circular path. The same rules follow with the Elliptical Marquee Tool as with the Rectangular Marquee Tool.
Single Row Marquee Tool: This tool defines the border as a 1‑pixel‑wide row or horizontal selection that spreads up to the total width of the document.
Single Column Marquee Tool: This tool defines the border as a 1‑pixel‑wide column or vertical selection that spreads up to the total length of the document.
Both the Single Row Marquee Tool as well as Single Column Marquee Tool is great for creating a one-pixel repeating pattern for websites.
The Move Tool does exactly as its name suggests. You can select and move anything on the current layer to a different position on the document. It will cut the selection from the rest of the layer and move it to the location as desired by the user. You can also AutoSelect Layers and move them.
The Lasso Tools are categorized into three different tools namely; Lasso Tool, Polygonal Lasso Tool, and Magnetic Lasso Tool.
Lasso Tool: This tool somewhat works as the Marquee tool, it let you make a loose selection anywhere on the current layer you are working at. It has the same options as the Marquee tool.
Polygonal Lasso Tool: It works in linearly or you can say it draws straight lines for the selections you have made.
Magnetic Lasso Tool: This gives you a relatively controlled selection. It is a smart tool, it determines the boundaries and edges and the anchor points are placed at regular intervals.
Quick Selection Tool: As it name suggests Quick Selection tool makes a quick selection. You can simply drag over the areas you want to select.
Magic Wand Tool: This tool helps you select the area based on where you click your mouse. Same as the other selection tools, you can press and hold the Shift key to add to the selection and press and hold the Alt key to subtract from your selection.
The Crop Tool:
When learning the basics of photoshop the crop tool is one of the easiest to use. The crop tool allows you to crop the section of the image you want, in any desired proportion.
One shall get two tools out here under the Crop Tool;
Slice Tool: The Slice tool has the same working as that of the crop tool. The main difference is that sliced images can directly be exported for the web.
Slice Select Tool: This tool allows you to select a specific slice and edit its edges as per your desire. This helps you to adjust and edit your slice before you export it to the web.
The Eyedropper Tool:
The Eyedropper Tool lets you take a sample color from an image so that you can use it later. You can select a color from a pinpoint pixel or a large range of pixel and use it over the desired area.
In the sub menu of the eye dropper tool you will get four categories as follows:
Color Sample Tool: The color sample tool allows you sample up to four areas of colors within your graphics. Similar as like the Eyedropper tool you can vary range the pixels in the sample you have picked.
Ruler Tool: This will tell you the distance between two points and also will help you to straighten out the photos as well.
Note Tool: The note tool allows you to add notes to your document.
Count Tool: As the name says, the Count tool helps you count the objects in the image as it places a visual marker as you count.
Spot Healing Tool:
Spot Healing Tool is great for removing unwanted areas or blemishes from your image. It works on a simple click of the mouse and has the following sub-menu;
Healing Brush Tool: healing brush tool allows you to heal or brush out the unwanted areas of your image easily. You can press and hold Alt key to select a certain area to clean.
Patch Tool: Like the Lasso tool it selects an area. Once you are okay with your selection, you can drag it to the area you wish to fill in with the selected patch.
Red Eye Tool: It is a quick and an easy way to remove the red eye areas in your image.
Retouching images has never been so quick and easy, you can change the size of the brush tool, how hard it is, shape, opacity etc. It has two more tools in the submenu;
Pencil Tool: Allows you to draw as if you were using a real pencil on the Photoshop canvas.
Mixer Brush Tool: It is an effective and amazing tool to paint inside the Photoshop. With newer versions of Photoshop, you can get many bristle brushes to use.
Clone Stamp Tool:
It is used to copy the information of the image to another desired area. Press and hold the Alt key and then click on the area of the image you want to clone.
Pattern Stamp Tool: Gives you the freedom to use a brush-type tool to paint the pattern on your document.
History Brush Tool: It lets you bring in the details of another project.
Art History Brush Tool: Does the same as the history brush tool, just adds effects having different setting and constraints.
These were some of the first tools on the toolbar in Adobe Photoshop. Learn more basics of photoshop in the following article as we shall get knowledge of the other remaining tools of the toolbar.